About Cranbrook

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Cranbrook (Ktunaxa: ʔa·kisk̓aqǂiʔit [1]) is a city in southeast British Columbia, located on the west side of the Kootenay River at its confluence with the St. Mary’s River,[2] It is the largest urban centre in the region known as the East Kootenay. As of 2011, Cranbrook’s population is 19,364, with a census agglomeration population of 25,037. It is the location of the headquarters of the Regional District of East Kootenay and also the location of regional headquarters of various provincial ministries and agencies, notably the Rocky Mountain Forest District.

Cranbrook is home to the Canadian Museum of Rail Travel which presents static exhibits of passenger rail cars built in the 1920s for the CPR and in the 1900s for the Spokane International Railway. It is also the home of the Kootenay Ice, a WHL hockey team, who has won the league title 3 times and the Memorial Cup once. The Ice have made the playoffs 15 straight years (1998-99 to 2012-13) and have a record of .500% or better for 14 straight years (1999-00 to 2012-13). Cranbrook is also home to many former NHL players to where it has won 11 Stanley Cup Championships within 13 years. (1994-95 to 2006-07).


The land that Cranbrook now occupies was originally inhabited by Ktunaxa peoples. This land was later bought by European settlers, notably Colonel James Baker who named his newly acquired land Cranbrook after his home in Cranbrook, Kent, England.

In 1898 Baker had successfully convinced Canadian Pacific Railway to establish their Crowsnest Pass line through Cranbrook rather than nearby Gold Rush Boom Town Fort Steele. With that accomplishment Cranbrook became the major centre of the region, while Fort Steele declined; the latter is today a preserved heritage town.

On November 1, 1905, Cranbrook was incorporated as a city.


While much of the city is relatively flat, Cranbrook is surrounded by many rising hills where many residential homes are located [2]. In addition Cranbrook faces the Purcell Mountains to the west and the Rocky Mountains to the north and east.


Environment Canada reports Cranbrook as having the most sunshine hours of any BC city at approximately 2228.6 hours annually. Due to Cranbrook being a fairly dry city throughout the year, and when precipitation does fall a good percentage of it will be in the form of snow. Environment Canada also states that the city experiences some of the lightest wind speeds year-round, has few foggy days, and has among the highest average barometric pressure of any Canadian city.[3] Frost-free days average 110 days, typically occurring between May 26 to September 14. Mean daily temperatures range from −8.3 °C (17.1 °F) to 18.2 °C (64.8 °F). However, temperatures can range from −30 °C (−22.0 °F) in the winter to 35 °C (95.0 °F) in the summer months.